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Thou Shall Yield Pythonic Generator

Intro

This is a illustrative example code, which tries to demonstrate how generators and yield statements are related in python.

print("# `yield` a fancy way of pausing execution of a function.\n")


print("# Let's begin with a complex example\n")

def smart_yield():
    for item in range(0, 4):
        yield item


print("# We can only access value of a generator by itterating over it.")
print()

for item in smart_yield():
    print(f'smart_yield item: {item}')
print()


def stupid_yield():
    print("# Each iteration progresses the code by consuming one `yield` at a time")
    print()

    yield 0
    yield 1
    yield 2
    yield 3

    print("# No more yield keywords exist, let's close the generator")
    print()


for item in stupid_yield():
    print(f'stupid_yield item: {item}')
print()


def hybrid_yield():
    print("# Generators remember last `yield` they returned")
    print()

    yield 0
    yield 1

    for item in range(2, 4):
        yield item

    print("# We have finished executing  hybrid_yield")
    print("# Notice that hybrid_yield ran 5 times (intermittently) instead of expected 4")
    print()


for item in hybrid_yield():
    print(f'hybrid_yield item: {item}')


conclusions ="""
# Conclusions:
    - Yield allows us to pause code execution while  being able to do something else
    - Since we paused execution we can jump back into it at any time.
    - each `yield <value>` is like a `return <value>`
    - since we remember that last `yield` statement we don't execute it again
    - Generator functions `run n+1` times where n - number of yield keywords in
      a function.
    - You should imagine yield keyword a way of slicing function to small pausable functions
"""

print(conclusions)

Source Output

If you are lazy and don’t want to run his code. Here is the output:

# `yield` a fancy way of pausing execution of a function.

# Let's begin with a complex example

# We can only access value of a generator by itterating over it.

smart_yield item: 0
smart_yield item: 1
smart_yield item: 2
smart_yield item: 3

# Each iteration progresses the code by consuming one `yield` at a time

stupid_yield item: 0
stupid_yield item: 1
stupid_yield item: 2
stupid_yield item: 3
# No more yield keywords exist, let's close the generator


# Generators remember last `yield` they returned

hybrid_yield item: 0
hybrid_yield item: 1
hybrid_yield item: 2
hybrid_yield item: 3
# We have finished executing  hybrid_yield
# Notice that hybrid_yield ran 5 times (intermittently) instead of expected 4


# Conclusions:
    - Yield allows us to pause code execution while  being able to do something else
    - Since we paused execution we can jump back into it at any time.
    - each `yield <value>` is like a `return <value>`
    - since we remember that last `yield` statement we don't execute it again
    - Generator functions `run n+1` times where n - number of yield keywords in
      a function.
    - You should imagine yield keyword a way of slicing function to small pausable functions

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